Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi, is called ‘The Father of the Nation’. He was born on October 2, 1869, at Porbander in Gujarat. His father was the Diwan of Rajkot. His mother Mrs Ptuli Bai was an ideal lady.
After passing matriculation, he was sent to England to study law. He returned as a barrister and started his practice at Bombay.
An Indian firm called him south Africa for legal advice. His political life began there. He fought for the uplift of the Indians in South Africa with his unique weapons of truth and non-violence until General law had to come to terms with him.
On his return to India, he took up the case of India’s freedom on the same lines. He started the non-cooperation Movement in 1920 and the Civil Disobedience Movement in 1930. In 1930, he also violated the salt law by making salt from seawater. He started the ‘Quit India Movement’ in 1942 against the British and won freedom for India in 1947. During this period he went to jail several times. He always followed the path of truth. He made no difference between Hindu and Muslims. He was a good friend of all classes, caste, races, and religions.
Alas! A man named Godse shot him dead on 30th January 1948 when he was going for his evening prayer.
Indra Gandhi was born on 19 November 1917 at Allahabad. She was the only daughter of Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru. She got her early education at home, then at Shantiniketan. She was sent to England for higher education.
She was a brave and fearless lady. She organized ‘Banar Sena’ in the struggle for India’s freedom. She nationalized 14 banks and spread Indian principles and politics in-country and abroad. She fought to relieve Indian National Congress from the syndicate. A new Indian National Congress emerged under her leadership as ‘Congress I’.
She helped Bangladesh as a nation. She imposed an emergency in 1977 to implement her 20 point program to make India economically strong, although she had to suffer from the stroke of it. She was elected as the chairperson of N.A.M. (Non-aligned movement) and played an important role.
On October 31st, 1984 she was shot dead by her security guards. Indeed, she is our hero of Indian history.
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Sachin Tendulkar is a great cricket player. He was born in Bombay (current Mumbai) on the 24th of April, 1973. Sachin is very soft-spoken and naturally shy in personality. He is a gentle-mannered person. When he answered questions, his voice envoys an endearing emotion. When he smiles, his eyes light up. Despite his fame, his boyishness is undeniable like the other biggest celebrities.
Sachin could be deceptive because one need not be tall and burly to steal an enrich over others. There is a streak of similarity between the soccer legend Digo Maradana and cricket superstar Sachin Tendulkar both are short, stocky and curly-haired.
The foreign media prepared a Dream Team of the world Cup and Sachin was the only one Indian cricketer to find a pride of place in the team. Sachin waves his hands to please his fans in every cricket match where he plays. He is called the God of cricket. He began playing cricket at a very early age.
While the other celebrities have their reserves, Sachin has none to compare himself with the world’s most explosive batsman. Sanath Jayasurya of SriLanka has reserved in Saeed Anwar of Pakistan. Mark Waugh of Australia has a reserve in Gary Kristan of South Africa.
Sachin Tendulkar won ‘the Man of the Tournament Award’ for his extraordinary performance during the ICCC Cricket world Cup 2003, hosted jointly by South Africa, Zimbabwe, and Kenya.
Sachin, a thorough gentleman, has become a role model for youth through his impeccable behavior on and off the field. And now, we are assured that Sachin Tendulkar is a genius and greatest rewarding player.
Sachin has made more runs, centuries and half-centuries in One Day and Test Match. Sachin also has more achievements in the cricket world in the past. There were great batsmen and also present but it is publically sure that no one is equal to Sachin Tendulkar.
Mother Teresa is, in reality, a saint through whom the light of God shines. She dedicated her whole life to the causes of the poor, the weak, the suffering, the helpless, the downtrodden and the rejected. The organization of sisters and brothers which she started for the good of the poor about thirty-three years ago has now grown into a worldwide organization. The Nobel Prize Foundation has ennobled itself by rewarding Mother Teresa with the Noble Prize for Peace in 1979.
Mother Teresa was born in Albania in Yugoslavia on 26 August 1910. Even at the age of twelve, she decided to become a nun. At eighteen, she joined the order of Irish Loreto nuns in Calcutta. After taking her vows, she became a teacher in the St. marys High School, Calcutta. She spent the next twenty years as a teacher and then as the principal. But, all these years, she was much perturbed by the misery, she saw around in the slums of Calcutta. On September 10, 1946, she heard an inner call to leave the convent and work outside among the poorest of the people.
After getting the training of nursing in Patna, she began the mission of love and care by going around the streets Of Calcutta Corporation for peace and started her work in a Dharamshala near the Kalighat Temple. From this small beginning now have grown up 98 schools 425 mobile dispensaries, 102 leprosy clinics, 48 homes for the abandoned children and the dying destitute.
Mother Teresa was an embodiment of simplicity. She walked barefoot in the Mother House where she lived in a small room where she received visitors. The room contained only a table and a few chairs. Mother Teresa used to meet all who come to her. For each one she had a warm greeting and always ready to serve patients. Her sisters were busy from morning till evening. She attended to correspondence and routine work after all had retired.
Over and above, Mother Teresa is an absolute of love and peace. She believed that all the disturbance in the world begins from home. If there is love at home naturally that love will go out into the world. Thus, we don’t need bombs and guns to bring peace. In her message to the people, she said, “Let us Love one another as God loves each one of us and so bring peace in our own heart, our home, our country and in the world”.
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Subhash Chandra Bose
Neta Ji Subhash Chandra Bose is the most inspiring name in the freedom struggle of India. It is he who could only say, ” Give me blood and I will give you freedom” and people of all castes and communities came around him to shed their leader and had so much of unflinching devotion.
Subhash Chandra was born at Cuttak in Orissa. His father Jankinath was a lawyer and his mother Prabhavati Devi was a great lady.
Subhash Chandra was a meritorious student. He was admitted to Presidency College, Calcutta. But he was rusticated from the college. He often protested his English teacher against his remarks about India. Sir Ashutosh Mukharjee took up the matter and Subhash Chandra was admitted to Scottish Church College and took his degree in philosophy securing Ist in the class in second place. He then went to London to complete the I.C.S. examination and secured the 4th place. Simultaneously he received Tripes Degree in philosophy from Cambridge University. Nationalist as he had been, he refused to serve under British rules. Then he joined Indian freedom struggle under Mahatma Gandhi as an assistant of Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das and courted imprisonment several times. He lost his health but the dauntless leader never stopped.
He lest India during world war II. He went to Germany and then to Singapore. He took up the command of the Azad Hind Fauz and led his victorious Army to unfurl the flag of independent India in Andaman and Nicobar island, Kohima in Nagaland, Manipur. But with the defeat of Germany and Japan, the victorious army of Azad Hind Fauz had to retreat. But their valor and courage had become legendary.
Everyone believes that India became free due to Netaji and Azad Hind Fauz’s selfless sacrifices.
Death story of Netaji has no proof, therefor a great section of people believe that he is still alive. However, his files are now public and it is hoped that the curtain will rise about his mystery.
Guru Nanak Dev
Guru Nanak is one of the world’s famous prophets. He was the founder of the Shik religion. He was born on 15 April 1469 at Talwandi known as Nankana Sahib now in Pakistan. A big fair is held there every year on his birthday.
At an early age, Nanak was sent to a village school. He gave proof of his intelligence even at that age. He soon gave up his studies. Mehta Kalu was his father. Nanak was employed however, out of a small salary he received, he kept only a small portion for his own needs. The rest he gave away to the poor. He spent most of the time in meditation.
His teachings were simple, he wanted to unite the Hindus and Muslims and gave them a lesson of brotherhood. He believed in one God and did not believe in caste and creed. His religion became very popular in Punjab and thousands of people started to become his followers. Now they are called Sikhs.
Accompanied by his faithful disciple, Bala, and Mardana, the holy Guru went from one city to the other. He also went to Mecca and preached the doctrine of love.
He also composed many songs in praise of God. Later, they were collected in a book called the Guru Granth Sahib. It has become the holy book of Sikhs. It is written in the Punjabi language. On 22 September 1539, the great Guru Nanak died.
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APJ Abdul Kalam
It is in the sphere of national security that miracles are being wrought through the use of atomic energy. The ‘missile-man of India’ has proved all this to be true. This missile-man is a renowned scientist and late President of India A.P.J. Abdul Kalam. He was born on 15th October, 1931 in Kerala. He gave his services to DRDO in Defence Ministry. He was appointed as Director of this Organization in 1962.
He was the main person behind the SLV-3 program. He was decorated with ‘Padma Vibhushan’ in 1990. In his leadership and guidance ‘Agni’, ‘Trishul’, ‘Nag’, ‘Aakash’ and ‘Prithivi’ missiles were launched and India achieved the rank of big world leaders. For his meritorious services towards the nation, Kalam was laureated in 1997 with ‘Bharat Ratna’, the highest civilian award of India. He was elected President of India in 2002. After leaving office in 2007, Kalam became a visiting professor at several universities.
He formed the “What can I Give Movement” in 2011. He is known as the “People’s President.” On 27 July 2015 Kalam suffered a massive heart attack while lecturing at the Indian Institute of Management and died away. He was laid to rest on 30 July 2015 with full state honor in his native Tamil Nadu. The government has established Kalam’s birthday 15th October as ‘Youth Renaissance Day’. He wrote several books including two autobiographical books ‘Wings of Fire’ in 1999 and ‘India 2020: A vision for the New Millennium’.