Beauties of Nature
Nature is the treasure house of beauties, glories, and mysteries. It is a panorama of beauty. It is a store-house of wonders, sight, and sounds. Love of nature is instinctive in man. Nature, in her changing moods, appeals to every heart. Nature is a book of gold, here every page is a glimpse of beauty. Every object of nature is beautiful. Nature is one universal mother who gladly offers us her gifts.
She presents her beauty in a thousand shapes and forms. The sunrise and the sunset, the silvery clouds, the thunderbolts, the lightning, the starstudded sky, the rains, the rainbow, the milky way, and the moon are manifestations of the beauties of nature. They delight every heart on earth. Now let us turn to the glories of the earth. The lofty mountains with snowy peaks, the limitless sea running up to the horizons, the waterfalls, the rivers and lakes with shining water sheets, the pearly dew-drops on the green grass, the green meadows are attractive.
Nature does not simply give a sensuous pleasure, it is capable of giving a spiritual message. It is a symbol of God. So lovers of nature seek God through the medium of nature. English and Hindi’s poets have described if heartily and seriously. The beauty of nature is so difficult that it cannot be described and it has the quality of perfectness.
USES OF FORESTS IN INDIA
The Indians have been guilty of destroying miles of their forests with beautiful trees and greenery. They are not aware of the uses and advantages of the forests. Wood is the most valuable item of forest produce. It has great economic use. It is used as firewood in homes and as timber, cellulosic material or as firewood and charcoal in industries, Resins. natural gums, plants, balsams of various types, medicinal herbs, lac and lac products are minor forest produce.
The ubiquitous bamboo is the most important and plentiful plant among minor forest products. Bamboos are of different heights and varieties like male bamboo and thorny bamboo. Bamboo is useful as a building material for temporary shed, formatting, fencing, scaffolding and making a basket and getting pulp. The male bamboo is specially used for roofing purposes and as raw material for making paper. The flowering of the male bamboo is regarded as a portent of famine all over India.
It is presumed that rodents feed on the profusion of bamboo seeds on the ground and multiply. They also eat up the cereal grains and cause a food shortage (famine). Cane is used for basket work, mats, ropes, and furniture. The cane and bamboo industries produce very valuable items. Grasses are used as fodder. They are also used for any commercial purposes e.g. making paper or rope: thatching and making chairs, baskets, and cordage, belting, sheeting, etc. Some grasses give us oils and perfumes. Babul, Dhaora, Salat, Kulu, and Bijasal are some of the gum- yielding trees, Some gums are used as medicines.
Many types of gums are exported by India and bring invaluable foreign exchange Resins are soluble in alcohol. The pine trees yield turpentine. It is now being extracted on a commercial scale. Leaves of climber Mohul are used for wrapping and as cups and plates. The tendu (kendu) leaves are used as wrappers for birds. They form a major item of revenue for the State Governments of Orissa and Madhya Pradesh. Katha is an astringent substance. It is a valuable medicine for digestive troubles. It is also used as an ingredient in paint. It is obtained from the species of plants called Acacia and Khajr, Cutch, the by-product of Katha is an excellent tanning material, U, P., MT. and Bihar are the leading Katha producing states in India. About three thousand tons oi Katha are produced annually in India,
There is over 20,000 species fo medicinal plants on the hills and forests of India. They are used as drugs and medicines under the Indian medical system on account of their proven therapeutic value. Lac (Shellac) is one of the most valuable forest products in India. It is the hardened secretion of a tiny insect called Kerria Lacca. The same insect also secretes resin and wax. Honey and Beest wax constitutes another valuable forest product. The tribal people poach, comb and destroy the förests. Thereby they are disturbing the economy of the nation and are causing an environmental imbalance. Deforestation promotes pollution and brings poverty. Forests are natural resources (wealth) and they must be preserved at all costs.
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Beauties of Assam
Assam is a land of beauties. Whatever one may look the charming scenery of nature will fill one’s heart with unspeakable joy. Everyone who visits Assam is struck with her lovely sights and sounds. Mahatma Gandhi once said that all the inhabitants of Assam would be able to write poems. In fact, Assam inspires poets to compose poems of joy and wonder. So beautiful are her sights! The rivers, hills, and waterfalls of Assam are through the middle of Assam valley. The Brahmaputra is the main river here.
It is a big river with a width of more than five kilometers in some places. When this river falls to the brim in the rainy season, it presents an awful sight to people’s wandering eyes. The hills of Assam are green all year-round. Looked at from a distance, they look marvelously beautiful. There are magnificent waterfalls here and there. There are large forests in Assam, it is full of trees, plants, and creepers. These forests remain full of flowers of various kinds all through the year.
The hills and valleys of Assam regale the eyes with exquisite beauty. Whenever they are looked at the scenes of beauties of nature, it appears that nature has been very lavish in pouring down her gifts on the fortunate people of this state. There are lovely hill stations in Assam. Haflong is one such station. Its streets have been made with great skill. The town looks like a beautiful picture.
The railway line through the Barail hills that joins the Bark Valley with Brahmaputra Valley is another wonder of human skill. There are high hills and beautiful landscapes. At places, the railway track passes through tunnels proclaiming the victory of man over nature, Assam is the biggest state in seven states of North-East.
The wealth of Assam
Assam is very rich in natural resources. Most of her wealth lies unexplored in her deep forests and also under the earth. A time will soon come when all her wealth will be properly utilized making her self sufficient in the economic sphere. There are great fests in Assam. There are timbers and plants in them, The forests contain elephants which are a valuable part of her wealth. Assam is rich in mineral oils such as kerosene, petroleum, etc. Nearly 850 lakh gallons of petroleum are lifted every year. There are coal mines in the Sibsagan district.
Geologists are of the opinion that there are hundreds of crore tons of coal in Ledo and Margherita. Besides it, various other kinds of minerals are found in Assam. The soil of Assam is very suitable for tea. Tea is cultivated in about 16 lakh acres of land. Many people have found employment in the tea gardens. Most of the tea garden laborers have been recruited from other states of India. Assam alone produces two-third of the whole Indian output of Lea. Tea is exported to foreign countries. The staple food of the people of Assam is rice.
There are vast paddy fields where paddy grows in abundance. Assam can take real pride in her silk industry. Every Assamese man and woman can work at the handloom. The people of the hills weave their own clothes. Assam is rich in forest products also. Bamboos, canes, Ivory, honey and some other forest products of Assam are transported to the other states of India.
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A Dust Storm
Dust storms are common in Punjab and Haryana. They are a source of trouble. They are like an uninvited guest. Last Sunday it was very hot and stuffy. The sky was blazing. Not a leaf stirred. People perspired from head to foot and so did the birds and beasts. Everybody felt uneasy like a fish out of water. People felt thirsty again and again.
They felt restless even under the ceiling fan. A hot wind continued blowing throughout the day and burnt the body. All of a sudden a cloud of dust appeared in the sky. People began to say “A dust storm, a dust storm! ” Soon the atmosphere became dark. The sky was covered with thick dust and clouds. A strong wind began to blow.
Dust particles blinded our eyes. It rushed into our nostrils and blew inside the rooms through the chinks of the door. We were in a fix and did not know what to do. People’s faces were coated with dust. They looked like ghosts. Drawing rooms prevented a dirty look. A plaster of -dust was spread on the house. The storm swept the streets. It did a lot of harm. Smiling crops were ruined, tall trees were uprooted, electric wires were disconnected and thatched roofs were blown away.
Traffic came to standstill. Many accidents took place. There was pitch darkness in the town. The storm ruled over the city for two hours. Then, all of a sudden, it began to drizzle. The dust settled down. Soon after, it rained cats and dogs and we felt very happy. Thank God, there was no loss of life or property. I can never forget such a furious dust storm in my life.
A Rainy Day
It was Saturday. I got up in the morning. I saw it was dark all around. The sun appeared in the sky only for a short time. The sky was covered with thick clouds. First, it began to drizzle then it started raining heavily. I had to go to school. I took my umbrella and left for school. On my way to school, I had to face strong winds. I stood under a big tree for shelter.
When I reached school, I found water everywhere. The attendance was poor. The rooms were leaking. The principal declared a holiday. Students became very happy. I returned home. I was drenched head to foot. I saw children playing in the rain. The streets have become swift-moving streams. Due to the rainwater, many motor vehicles were standing in the middle of the road and there was chaos all around.
People closed their doors and windows. When I reached home I was shivering with cold. I took off my wet clothes and put on dry clothes. Then my mother gave me tea.
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Water is a liquid substance, It is a gift of nature like fire and air. Water has three forms. It turns into vapor when boiled into ice under the pressure of cold, is a liquid when normal. Water is a compound of two gases hydrogen and oxygen. There are two parts of hydrogen and one part of oxygen in the water. Pure water has no particular shape, color or taste. It takes the shape of the pot in which it is kept.
Water is indispensable to us. We may live without food for some days, but to live without water is impossible. To digest the food is also to keep the body fit, we must drink some quantity of water every day. About two-thirds of the surface of the earth is covered with water. There are wide oceans which are full of water. But sea-water is salty. We cannot drink it. Drinking water is found from rivers, tanks, wells, etc. We dig tanks, wells, and ponds. These are filled with water from inside the earth and by the rains. Clouds gather in the sky in the rainy season and rain falls down in showers filling the tanks, rivers, and ponds.
There is very little rainfall in some places in India. Deep wells have to be dug for water. We not only drink water but use it in other ways also. We bathe and wash our clothes and utensils with water. Crops do not grow well if sufficient water is not there. Even winter crops require water at a time and then we have to feed •our fields with water from the nearby tanks or wells. So water is the most valuable liquid.
A Hot Day in Summer
Summer is the first of the six Indian seasons. The months of Baishakh and Jaistha (i.e., mid-April to mid-June) comprise the summer season. In this season the days are long and the nights are short. The morning of a summer day is more or less tolerable. A cool wind blows at the time. Flowers bloom in the gardens. Birds chirp on the trees.
But as the sun rises higher the day becomes hotter day by day and everybody feels very uncomfortable. In some parts of India, this midday heat becomes almost unbearable. In Rajasthan, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh a very hot wind, known as “Loo” begins to blow and people have to keep indoors to protect themselves from this wind. Sometimes schools have to sit in the morning and many schools also remain closed during this period. Cultivators find it very hard to plow their fields. Cattle also cannot graze in the fields. There are trees and shady places in the villages where people may take shelter against the heat.
But in towns the trees are few, the heat is felt more. Some rich people use electric fans toward the heat off. But the poor people have to suffer from the full fury of the heat these days. Sometimes people even die of the sun strokes. In the evening when the sun is down the heat becomes less. A gentle breeze blows at times and makes the atmosphere cool. Many people walk in the open air. At night also the heat continues sometimes making it impossible to sleep. In summer it is very difficult to work on account of the heat. We become easily tired and want to take rest.
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IMPORTANCE OF ENVIRONMENT IN OUR LIFE
Introduction: The life on this earth is sustained by a sort of balance created by nature. However, this balance created by nature is so delicate that if a part of it is destroyed, disturbed or diminished, it will be found that the whole is destroyed. The increasing Environmental pollution interference of man with the elements of nature such as air, water, forests, wildlife, etc. has greatly disturbed our environment. The result is that we are living in an age of pollution. We breathe polluted air, drink polluted water, eat polluted food and live in the midst of a polluted environment. Human survival, nay entire life spectrum, and progress are at stake due to this all-pervading pollution. Who is responsible for this? It is said that developed countries are the most responsible for it.
Deterioration in ecology: Experts say that India has 21 percent of its total area under forests against a desired 33 percent. Illegal felling of trees by forest contractors in league with officials and politicians is going on unchecked. Our wildlife is being recklessly destroyed for selfish ends. With the fast dwindling of forests and wildlife, there has been a serious deterioration in the quality of life and ecology. Indiscriminate felling of trees and destruction of forests are causing disastrous floods, soil erosion, frequent drought, the spread of desert area, landslides, loss of crops and huge damage to life and property every year.
Pollution: Rapid industrialization and an increase in the population of big towns and cities have polluted our rivers, lakes, and seas. All industrial waste and sewage are being discharged, into these water sources and dirty and deadly carbon and smoke of the factories and vehicles into the air. The vehicles plying on roads cause large scale pollution. Noise pollution caused by machines, vehicles, railways, factories, and loudspeakers, etc. especially in big cities has made life hellish.
Dangerous situation: What a terrible damage man has done and is constantly doing to his environment; damage that will eventually destroy him and all that he has made. Nobody can save him from this danger of extinction.
Remedial Measure: Students can play an important role in checking the menace of environmental pollution. They can generate environmental awareness in the people. They can explain the importance of ecological preservation to one and all. They can warn the people that if cautious steps are not taken the earth may no more remain fit to support life. Conclusion Ultimately the solution lies in re-establishing the broken link between man and nature. The responsibility of greening the country and preserving the environment rests on all citizens. If they want to save themselves, they must save their environment.