PROBLEMS OF MODERN YOUTH (IN INDIA)
The young generation all over the world has ever been in a state of restlessness and revolt. They have never felt contented even in the glamorous and glittering social fabric. Their problems are different in different parts of the world under different socio-political systems. The modern youth is in a state of turmoil, unrest, and revolt.
The youth is anxious and concerned about its future. They are afraid and apprehensive about their uncertain future. They rose in revolt when the V.P. Singh Government implemented the Mandal Commission Report. They made persisting and heart-rending protests. Some agitated youth showed the intensity of their anger and anguish by making attempts at self-immolation. The report, they thought would seal their future and make them ineligible for bread earning avenues.
The urban youth find themselves in a state of alienation or estrangement in the present set-up. They are deprived of the opportunity to develop intellectually. The fault lies both with the education system and the socio-economic milieu. There is a bureaucratic control over the strings of private as well as public sectors. These turbulent factors are forcing the cream of the country to drain out of the country. This problem of ‘brain drain’ is quite grim and serious, The Indian doctors, engineers, scientists, and other specialists are forced to go abroad to earn their bread. India has lost $13 billion to the developed countries through the ‘brain-drain’.
The young men and women who are the best brains of the country fail to find a suitable job in India. The foreign countries accept their services and expertise for a price but refuse to confer on them an identity with the soil. It is the misfortune of the youth who go abroad and remain aliens there. The youth who succeed in finding some means of subsistence in India is haunted by a host of other problems. There are inadequate houses, transport and sewerage, noise pollution, ever-expanding slums, poor medical and recreational facilities, Shortages and crimes.
The Social, economic and psycho-emotive problems create an atmosphere of sadness around him. Much of his precious time is wasted in jostling in buses and trains and standing in long queues. The modern youth is not given vocational and practical education. He finds himself utterly helpless when he faces some personal crisis. Diversities in political, economic and social processes have classified humanity into many divisions.
The distinctions of caste, region, religion, etc. are worsening his plight. They stand like a barricade in the path of his well being. Racial discriminations are creating an atmosphere of hatred on the basis of caste, color, creed, race or community. There is peak prosperity on one side and acute poverty on the other. This sort of economic disparity has given birth to exploitation, differences, and tensions. The rural youth who come to towns and cities face new and nerve-breaking problems. They find the residential and food arrangements quite inadequate.
The over-crowding in educational institutions and employment exchanges generate psychological tension and a sense of insecurity of future employment in them, Most of them are forced to live in slums or squalor of cities and do petty and menial jobs. The Indian leadership of the post-independence period is unable to bring about the desired national development and moral rejuvenation, Being self-interested and opportunists the so-called leaders have miserably failed to inspire the youth into ideal thinking and action.
They have rather made the ‘Indian youth cynics and snobs who are unable to cope with the day to day problems and predicaments. Poverty, ignorance, overpopulation, pollution, and unemployment are the basic curses of the modern youth of India. Affluence and permissiveness are the banes of the youth in the west. They are suffering from neurosis and mental sickness, To neglect the youth results in the neglect of the Welfare of the nation.
INFLUENCE OF FILMS ON YOUNG PEOPLE
The popular film industry of India is second to that of America in the world. Our film industry makes hundreds of films every year. Both of the films in Hindi and other regional languages are equally popular in our country. The films telecast on television, their video versions and those screened in picture halls are a craze among the young people.
The cinema fans go to the cinema halls and see their favorite film a number of times. Some young persons see a different film every day. They do not see the film for the sake of addition in their general knowledge. They rather see it just to kill their time. Some young people leave all the other activities and view the films frequently on the T.V. sets.
The excess of everything is bad. Though the films are the cheapest and the most popular means of entertainment yet they often do great harm to young people in India. Most of the films are cheap and low standards. Social, religious, educational and cultural films are very few and far between. The film industry is run only on commercial lines. They keep in mind the box office Only and produce formula films.
Most of the films that are produced these days arc devoid Of the reality of life. They show such deviations as are not convincing at all. They are full of violence, nude sex, irrelevant songs, and vulgar and spicy dances. They are also full of cheap romance, foreign imitation, catchy and silly songs. Such films have a very harmful influence on the modern youth of India •because they are full of artificiality. They mislead the immature and inexperienced young boys and girls.
The modern young boys and girls are showing traits of increasing indiscipline, unrest, and lawlessness. They imitate the fashions and pseudo adventures or misadventures of the film- heroes and heroines. As a result, they get into trouble sooner or later. There has been a rapid increase in the cases of eve-teasing and assault on ladies etc. Such events and incidents can be attributed to a large extent to the films.
The immature youth fails to distinguish between cinema stunts and genuine adventure. It is an unpleasant matter that the villainous adventures showed on the cinema screen leave a bold and indelible influence on the young generation. The cinema has eroded the human and ethical values in the young generation of India to a large extent. Dacoities, kidnappings, rapes, molestations, murders, bloodsheds, gun-battles and nude dances are a common feature of these films. All the persons associated with the film industry are motivated by nothing else but money.
The film magazines and periodicals are also spoiling the moral values and ethical behavior of the youth. They teach them gimmicks, deception, and fashions. Cinema leaves a deep and lasting impact on young brains. It can play a strong educative and constructive role as means of mass appeal and communication. It can also prove as a significant instrument of creating communal harmony, national integration and a sound sense of public morals. It is a matter of concern and regrets that the filmmakers dodge the censor board and get their pornographic and ill-deserved films approved. Some young men and women get ruined out of their ambition to become a film hero or heroine. Greed reigns supreme in our film world.
As a result, the film industry has given rise to a lot of unaccounted and black money. The censor board should not issue a certificate of approval to those trash films which are full of erotic scenes concerning women and sex. Only the aesthetic, educational and instructive films which depict human values and true heroism in life-like situations should meet their approval. Such films would widen public awareness and understanding and strengthen the national character and public morals.