India falls in the Northern and the Eastern Hemispheres because it lies on the north of the Equator and east of the Prime Meridian. It occupies the south-central peninsula of the world’s largest and the most populous continent i.e. Asia. It has the longest coastline on the Indian ocean. Due to its central location, India is very favorably located on the world’s highway the oceanic and air routes which connect the West and the East pass through the Indian Ocean and the Indian subcontinent. India thus lies between Western Asia, Europe, and East Africa on the west and the South East Asia and the far East (Japan, China, Korea) on the east.
These areas are of great economic and political significance. They are largely served by sea and air routes that pass-through India and the seas surrounding it (the Arabian Sea, the Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal). Both of the countries on the west and the east are much nearer to it on account of its central location. I am privileged to be an Indian. It is the birthplace of Rama, Krishna, Gautam, Mahavira, Guru Nanak, Dayanand, and Vivekanand, etc. She has given birth to great warriors like Porus, Ashoka, Chanakya, Harshvardhan and patriots like Rana Pratap, Shivaji, Laxmi Bai of Jhansi, Gandhi, Patel, Tilak, and Jawaharlal Nehru.
She is also the motherland of freedom fighters and martyrs like Bhagat Singh, Subhash Chandra Bose, Lala Lajpat Rai and great writers like Kalidas, Bharvi, Banabhatta, Dandin, and Magha. They have all made India a glorious country. India has the oldest civilization in the world and is proud of her glorious past. It is the second-most populous country in the world after China. About seventy percent of her people live in villages. There is a network o? mighty rivers like the Ganges, the Brahmaputra, the Yamuna, the Narmada, the Kaveri, and the Godavari which make our fertile.
India’s boundaries stretch from the Himalayas in the north to Kanya Kumari in the south, from the Assam Hills in the east to the Bay of Kutch in the west. India’s east-west and north-south extents are 2933 km. and 3214 km. respectively. The Himalayas in the. north and the Indian Ocean on the other three sides protect her like sentries. India is the biggest and most successful democracy in the world. The state is neutral in matters of religion in this secular country.
Though the people speak different languages, have different cultures and profess different religions yet there is unity in diversity in India. India has made tremendous progress in the field of science and technology. She has entered both the nuclear and the space club. She has successfully launched several space-crafts. India is a peace-loving country and always strives to maintain good relations with the neighboring countries.
Though she has exploded nuclear devices yet she has not manufactured atom bombs. She practiced the policy of non-alignment in international affairs. India’s historical places like the Qutab Minar. Red Fort, the Taj and Fatehpur Sikri are the craze of the tourists. Her hill stations are like heavens on earth. India is the seventh-largest country in the world in size. It has a distinctive history and culture of its own. India is blessed with lush green forests, vast deserts, great oceans, rivers, and mountains. Each one is more beautiful than the other. Amongst themselves, they hold a treasure of various animals, plants, birds, and fish. Her soil is very fertile. And in it grow wheat, rice, lentils, spices, fruits, and other grains. Her mountains contain many medicinal plants.
These are used by us for curing many illnesses. India’s beautiful valleys are described as paradise on the earth. They are famous for their fruit Orchard They support a sizeable population. India has areas ranging from freezing cold to excessive hot conditions. Even the distribution of rainfall is uneven. There is the diversity of climate, flora, and vegetation. India’s fauna is also rich and varied like her soils. India has made adequate progress in mineral and power resources. water- power resources and human resources. India has a vast variety of cultures and languages. People belonging to different faiths live in comparative peace and harmony. They celebrate their festivals together. They intermingle freely among themselves. She is also making headway in agricultural and industrial products and in transport, communication, and Trade.
We have every hope that the people of India would become as rich as the country. The statement ‘India is rich but Indians are poor’ would no longer hold its validity. Ever since India has opened its doors to international technology and companies, it has made rapid progress in the field of industry. Numerous jobs have been generated. And once again India is on the verge of attaining its lost glory.
India, therefore, has never lost its charm. At a point in time it was a spiritual center for the world, today it is an emerging global economic giant.
India of My Dreams
I am very proud of my country, Bharata (India which is named after king Bharata of the Solar Dynasty. Bharat the son of King Dushyanta and queen Shakuntala was a very famous monarch. Our country had a rich, glorious and far-famed ancient history. The Vedas, the Upanishads and the oldest documents of religious philosophy, literature, and humanity were created in India.
Our ancient civilization had reached the artistic and cultural heights. When other civilized countries were in the process of cultural and artistic evolution. Our great and wonderful land fell on the thorns and bled under foreign invasions and domination during the middle’ ages. Though our country is free and a sovereign democratic republic now yet we have not yet achieved our ancient glory and splendor. Both the Moghuls and the Britishers etc. exploited her for a very long time. She had a long span of the slumber of inactivity, gloom and Ignoble past. She became independent of the foreign yoke in 1947. Even after a lapse of five decades. the things are far from satisfactory.
Many formidable problems like that of poverty, corruption, nepotism, terrorism, illiteracy, exploitation of weaker sections of the society, overpopulation and unemployment still stare her in the face. These problems make my heart bleed. This is not India of my dreams, desires- and aspirations. India of my dreams will be a powerful nation. It would be economically sound and would not depend on any foreign aid and assistance. It would be rich enough to help the other developing countries with finance and technical know-how. It would be a Strong nation militarily and would be known as a great world power. India would remain a peace-loving country and would develop cordial relations with her neighboring countries.
She would be strong enough in maintaining peace in the continent. the enemy country would dare to incite feelings of separatism and extremism among our people and interfere in our internal problems. She would not hesitate to develop her own atomic weapons to remain prepared for war by virtue of her indigenous expertise and knowhow of nuclear energy.
There would be no desperation, frustration, and indiscipline among the Indian youths of the fully developed nation sans poverty and unemployment. India’s manpower would be fully and fruitfully utilized for wealth generation and the creation of meaningful employment for all the job-seekers. There would be an expansion of trade, commerce, and industries. There would also be no power shortage of any kind. Export would be given maximum incentives to earn adequate foreign exchange. There would be equality of opportunity for all irrespective of caste, creed or community. Poverty, illiteracy. inequality and ignorance would be removed from the surface and soil of India. As a result, communal tensions and turmoils would also be abolished.
There would be a uniform civil code for one and all. India of my dreams would be absolutely free from corruption, bribery, nepotism, favoritism, hoarding, adultery and adulteration. There would be no compromise with merit, quality, and capability. The people of weaker sections would be given financial help to seek education and come to the level of forwarding sections of the society. There would be no crutches of any kind.
There would be open competitions for all, nepotism would be done away with. All the workers would get their due honorarium and perks in time. As a result, there would be no dharnas, lockouts, strikes, and agitations. Education would be made fully job- oriented and self-employment would be encouraged. In short, India of my dreams would be a blooming nation with integrity, justice, peace, and prosperity.
There would be no restriction on the press and sensible expression of ideas in the truly democratic country, our country would be a Ram Rajya, Her citizens would be highly educated, disciplined and enlightened. It would be free from the narrowness of thoughts, words, and deeds.
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Golden Jubilee of India’s Independence
India won freedom on 15th August 1947 after a long struggle and centuries of slavery. Thousands of patriots and freedom-fighters endured tortures, faced bullets, remained behind bars and made supreme sacrifices to obtain it. India became the Sovereign Democratic Republic on 26th January 1950. Our country completed fifty years of freedom in 1997 and celebrated the golden jubilee of independence. Works and programs of the golden jubilee lasted (for) the whole year. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru remained the Prime Minister of India from August 1947 to May 1964.
Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel (The Iron Man of India) became India’s Deputy Prime Minister and took charge of the Home and States Department. He made spectacular achievements by annexing the primary states into the Indian Union and integrating the country. The economy Of India was in shambles. Unemployment, poverty, and illiteracy were wide-spread in the country. Our agriculture was backward. India was nowhere on the map of the industrial world. Dams have been built on rivers to provide irrigation facilities to the farmers.
We do not import food grains from other countries. Our peasants have been rid of the clutches of money-lenders and Zamindars. Our farmers use scientific methods of cultivation to grow more food and to raise raw materials for our factories. India has also made tremendous progress in the field of industry. Now, India is the manufacturer of all sorts of machinery. We are now exporting engineering and electronic goods even to the advanced countries of the West. We owe all our achievements to the Five-Year Plans. We are also making striding progress in the field of education.
There is a network of schools, colleges, and universities throughout the length and breadth of the country. India has the third-largest scientific force in the world. There is a great demand for our engineers, scientists, doctors, and MBAs in America and the Western European countries. India is now the third-largest coal-producing country in the world. We have also made enviable progress in the fields of electrical and nuclear power. We have four Nuclear Power Plants and atomic power reactors. Our nuclear power stations have crossed the generation-of one lakh million-unit mark.
We have attained self- reliance in setting up Atomic power plants. Our country attained maturity in this field by conducting five nuclear-tests in 1998. Now India. has become a nuclear state. India has also a vast potential of renewable energy sources and has developed a number of technologies to harness them. We have also developed nonconventional energy sources such as solar energy, energy from urban and industrial wastes, etc. India has also made great progress in the fields of transport and communication. The existing transport system of the country comprises several modes of transport, including rail, road. coastal shipping, air transport, etc.
India has one of the largest road networks in the world. The country has the largest merchant shipping fleet among developing countries and ranks 17th in the world in shipping tonnage. The Indian railways have grown into a vast network of 7.056 stations spread over a route length of 62,660 km. We are also making substantial progress in the field of civil aviation since the dawn of independence. At present (1997) the country has 1,52,792 post offices as against 23,329 in 1947.
Now we have satellite money order service, speed post service, hybrid mail service, international speed post service, telecommunications services, etc. which cater to the needs of the people. India has also made appreciable progress in the fields of public health and family planning. Many dangerous diseases have been prevented. India is among the few countries of the world in the fields of surgery and transplantation of limbs.
We hope that the steady pace of our progress will make us self-sufficient in every field in the near future in the 21st century.
Abraham Lincoln, the famous President of America, said, “Democracy is the government of the people, by the people and for the people.” At present democracy is considered to be the best form Of government. Equality is its basis. One man one vote is its lying principle. No distinction on the basis of caste, creed birth or sex makes it glorious. No privilege to anyone is its demand. Such ideals make democracy better than any other form of government.
At present India is the biggest democracy in the world. On 26 January 1950 India became a Republic. Elections have been held from time to time. But there are certain obstacles in our way. They are as follows: Our leaders have become corrupt. Elections have become very costly. Before elections, they make false promises to befall the public voters are purchased. Wine is served free to allure the voters. They incite religious feelings. They try to divide the people to serve their purpose. Candidates are selected on the basis of caste.
Sometimes a candidate stands for more than one seat. Illiteracy is a curse. Our government could not remove illiteracy though we became free in 1947. Members of Parliament and Legislature should be appointed by tests and interviews like administrative officers. The future of democracy in India is not bright. Corruption goes from above to below. When the leaders are corrupt how can you hope a policeman or a clerk to be honest? Our leaders have sucked the blood of a common man. Unless and until lust for power and money of the leaders is checked, the future of our democracy is not bright.
After the slavery of centuries, India recently cast away its shackles of bondage. With the political metamorphosis, a change in the mental outlook of the Indians is also essential. Unity of mind and heart, irrespective of caste or creed, state or province, is necessary to strengthen the roots of freedom. In other words, the emotional integration of the people is needed.
For national unity, the Indians must work without any prejudice based upon different shades of beliefs and faiths. Corruption and communalism, provincialism and private greed and selfishness are eating the importance of Indian society. It is seen that people always hanker after their own loaves and wishes even at the cost of national interests. They indulge in anti-national activities like smuggling, evasions, etc. And amasses wealth with the speed, they dig the grave of the nation.
Every day we hear of black marketing and other evils that are affecting the beauty and growth of the nation. How can there be national integration when a few get themselves fat and other starve to be reduced to skeletons. People worship different gods and strangely enough to kill one another to please their own duties. They forget that they are the children of one ‘Bharat Mata’ and they should not behave to harm others in the name of religion. For national integration, every Indian must believe in the religion of National uplift.
No doubt, India believes in secularism but, now and then, communal forces raise their heads and disturb the peaceful life of the country. Many political parties fight the election in the name of religion. Thus, national integration is impaired. A country as a single unit can always face internal and external dangers but a disintegrated country will crumble like a house of cards. India must have socialism if she wants to remain united. Difference and disparity between the rich and the poor breeds hatred and ultimately chaos is the result. The rich should not be stingy and the poor must always improve.
National integration is the soul of a country. Without it, no country can progress freely or remain free. People must put their heads and hands together to maintain the unity of the country.